Mohammad Ali Jinnah, who laid the foundation of Pakistan,
was born at Karachi on 25th December, 1876. As a young boy,
he was educated at
Karachi. When, he was sixteen years old, he passed his matriculation
examination and was sent to England for higher studies. On
his return to India he started his practice, as a lawyer first
in Karachi, and then in Bombay. He showed, great efficiency
in his work. It was his determination and wise leadership,
which freed the Muslims from the double yoke of British rule
and Hindu domination.
In appreciation of his services to the Muslims of South Asia
we call him "Quaid-i-Azam", or the "Great Leader".
He loved his country and his country-men dearly. He joined
the Indian National Congress but soon
left it and joined, the Muslim League, to champion, the cause
of the Muslims. Then, he started a long and hard campaign
to get a separate homeland for the Muslims. It was in 1947
that he succeeded and became the first Governor General of
the newly-created State. He worked day and night for the progress
and improvement of Pakistan. It was unfortunate indeed that
only twelve months after the creation of Pakistan, the Quaid-i-Azam
died on 11th September 1948.
He will always be remembered, as the founder of Pakistan.
Although he left us after such a short time, his speeches
are there to guide us. If we follow the directions given in
them, we will be able to serve our dear Pakistan in the best
way. The Quaid-i-Azam firmly believed, that one day the Muslims,
would achieve their desired goal. Three years, before the
creation of Pakistan, on 8th March 1944, speaking at a lunch
given by Dr. Ziauddin Ahmed, Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh University,
he said, "You can get Pakistan not by asking, not by
begging, not even by mere prayers but by working with trust
in God. Insha-Allah Pakistan will be yours."
To him all Pakistanis were equal. He believed that religion
or caste do not separate one Pakistani from another. Soon
after, he became the Governor General of the newly created
State, he told the happy people, "You are free to go
to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to
any other place of worship in this State of Pakistan. You
may belong to any religion or caste ... we are all citizens
and equal citizens of the stated."
The Quaid-i-Azam, again and again, told his people that what
they needed most was a good education. Speaking at the fourth
session of the Gujrat Educational Conference held on 14th
January 1945, he said that education was a matter of life
and death to our nation. "The world is moving so fast
that if we do not educate ourselves we will not only be left
behind but also will be no more."
For him education and character-building went hand in hand.
In his message, to the All Pakistan Educational Conference
held in Karachi on 27th November 1947, he said, "Education
does not merely mean academic education and even that of a
very poor type. What we have to do is to mobilize our people
and build up the character of our future generations".
Several times, the Quaid-i-Azam reminded his people that Pakistan
can only prosper and grow stronger if the people served it
with honesty and selfless devotion. On 14 August 1948, at
the First Annual Celebration of Pakistan he said, "Establishment
of Pakistan is a fact to which there is no parallel in the
history of the world. It is destined to play a magnificent
part year after year, as we go on, provided we serve honestly,
earnestly and selflessly.