Muhammad (peace be upon him) the Prophet of Islam, was born
in 571* A.D. at Makkah. He belonged to the noble family of
Quraish. Our Holy Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is
the last of the prophets. The Quraish used to worship idols
and did not believe in One God. Hazrat Muhammad (peace be
upon him) asked the Quraish not to worship their false gods.
He told them that he was Prophet of God and asked them to
worship the One and the only true God. Most of them refused
to accept Islam. They thought that by preaching Islam he was
against their gods and their ancestors. They opposed this
new faith and their bitter opposition caused the Prophet (peace
be upon him) much agony and a lot of trouble. Their opposition
to Islam became so fierce and terrible that he had to ask
the believers to migrate to Medina. In 622 A.D. the prophet
(peace be upon him) himself accompanied by his faithful friend
Hazrat Abu Bakr, migrated to Medina. This event is known in
history as the "Hijra".
Medina, the Prophet (peace be upon him) founded an Islamic
Society, based on the three principles that all power belongs
to God, Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His Prophet, and all
Muslims are brothers to one another. He raised women from
the status of a chattel to complete legal equality with men.
He made people to live with faith, sincerity and honest dealing,
and for the first time in history made universal human brotherhood
a fact and principle of common law. His support and guide
in all that work was the Quran.
the 10th year of Hijra, the Prophet together with his followers
went to perform Hajj at Makkah.
this historic occasion, he addressed a very large gathering
of Muslims on Mount Arafat. This address proved to be his
last Hajj sermon. In this sermon, he once again repeated the
message of Islam. He said:
"There is no god except Allah. He is the only God. None
shares His authority
and power. He fulfilled His promise and helped His Prophet
against the forces of evil."
people! Listen to me carefully. We may not have the opportunity
to meet again
in such an assembly after today'. He quoted a verse from the
Holy Quran and said, 'Allah says, O mankind! We created you
from a male and a female and made you into tribes and nations
so as to be known one from the other. And in the eyes of Allah,
the most righteous is the most honourable among you. In the
light of this verse, no Arab is superior to a non-Arab. Nor
is a white man in any way better than a black man. Only the
goodness of a person makes him superior to others. The whole
of humanity is the offspring of Adam, and Adam was created
from dust. I, therefore, crush under my feet all the false
claims to greatness and superiority founded on blood or wealth."
further said, "O people! A Muslim is another Muslim's
brother and all the Muslims are brothers among themselves.￣
Finally he said: "I have given you the message of Allah.
I am leaving among you a thing, which will guide you. If you
act according to it, you will never wrong. This is the Holy
Book of Allah".
the Prophet (peace be upon him) is no more with us, we have
the Holy Quran to give us guidance. We should read it daily
and try to understand what it teaches. If, we make a habit
of acting according to its teachings, we will very soon achieve
our former greatness in the world.