we discuss what a good citizen owes to society, let us see,
what society does for him. Thousands of years ago, men lived
in caves like animals. Each one of them lived by himself and
for himself. They hunted for their food and lived hard lives.
We now call them savages. They learnt to live a safer and
better life together. At first, they began to live in families
and then in tribes. Later, they settled along the banks of
rivers where, in time, grew towns, large and small. Life became
safer and easier. Some men began farming the land. Some became
weavers, some masons, some cobblers and some soldiers. They
all worked for one another.
societies grew larger and as men became more civilized, many
more professions and occupations developed. Laws were made
to make life safer and happier. Today we have doctors, teachers,
engineers, artists, writers, policemen and a host of other
workers, who all do something for their fellow-men.
we just think for a few minutes, how many things and services
we use in one day, we shall realize how much we owe to society.
The milkman brings milk for us and keeps cattle for the benefit
of us all; the baker bakes the bread; the printer prints our
books; the driver drives the bus in which we go to school
or our place of work; and the workers and engineers run the
mill which weaves the cloth we wear. The teacher teaches the
pupils at school, the doctor treats the sick and the shopkeeper
sells articles of daily use. Public parks are maintained for
the benefit of citizens. The traffic police regulates the
traffic so that we may travel without any fear of accident.
just turn on the tap and fresh water flows out. We press a
switch and light comes on. The cleaning of the streets and
the removal of filth and garbage are possible, only in an
organized society. The telegraph, the telephone and the trains
are all benefits of collective efforts. Then, the radio and
the T.V. give us both enjoyment and instruction.
must repay society for all these gifts. If a milkman mixes
water in the milk, how can he expect other members of society
to treat him fairly? If a shopkeeper gives short measure or
sells sub-standard goods, he must be prepared to get the same
kind of treatment form others. If we ignore traffic rules,
we not only endanger the lives of others but our own as well.
is also the duty of every citizen to understand the problems
facing his country. He must co-operate with the Government
in solving them. Problems facing Pakistan are poverty, illiteracy
and population growth. For the establishment of a better society,
these problems have to be solved through proper education
and hard work.
Government of Pakistan has started many programmes to solve
these problems. These are, for example, programmes for rural
development, literacy and adult education, health, sanitation
and social welfare, and population planning. Education centres,
family and social welfare and population planning centres
have been set up throughout the country
Many benefits we enjoy are provided by our own country and
society. It is, therefore, our duty to be loyal and patriotic
to Pakistan. We should pay our taxes promptly, fully and honestly,
so that we may continue to enjoy all social benefits.
lays great stress on our duties as citizens. The Holy Prophet
(peace be upon him) once said, "God lays so much stress
on the rights of our neighbours that I almost thought they
would get the right of inheritance in our property".
In short, we cannot be good Muslims without being good and