Branches of chemistry

There are various branches chemistry are:

1.†††††† Physical chemistry†††††††††† ††† 2.†††††† Organic chemistry
3. ††††† Inorganic chemistry†††††††† ††† 4.†††††† Analytical chemistry
5.†††††† Bio Physical chemistry†††††††† 6.†††††† Industrial and Applied chemistry
7.†††††† Nuclear chemistry†††††††††††††   8.†††††† Environmental chemistry
9.†††††† Polymeric chemistry

  1. Physical Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that deals with the laws and the principles governing the combination of atoms and molecules in chemical reactions.
  2. Organic Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that deals with carbon compounds with the exception of CO2, CO, metal carbonates, bicarbonates and carbides. Actually it is the chemistry of hydrocarbons and their derivatives. Most of the consumerís products are organic in nature
  3. Inorganic Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that deals with the chemistry elements and their compounds, generally obtained from non-organisms i.e. from minerals.
  4. Analytical Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that deals with the study of the methods and techniques involved to determine the kind, quality and quantity of various components in a given substance.
  5. Biochemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that deals with the compounds of living organisms i.e. plants and animals and their metabolism in the living body.
  6. Industrial Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that deals with the study of different chemical processes involved in the chemical industries for the manufacture of synthetic products like glass, cement, paper, soda ash, fertilizers, medicines etc.
  7. Nuclear Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that deals with the study of changes occurring in the nuclei of atoms, accompanied by the emission of invisible radiations.
  8. Environmental Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that deals with the study of the interaction of chemical materials and their effect on the environment of animals and plants. Personal hygiene, pollution and health hazards are important areas of environmental chemistry.
  9. Polymeric Chemistry: It is the branch of chemistry that deals specially with the study of polymerization and the products obtained through the process of polymerization such as plastics, synthetic fibers, papers etc.

 

Every branch of chemistry has its own importance in human life. Biochemistry is the backbone of medical sciences. Environmental chemistry tells us about the environment composition and that how one can protect its environment from environmental hazards. Industrial chemistry helps us in the manufacturing of the industrial products and their uses. Analytical chemistry is important to understand the composition of compounds, quality of the products, analysis of biological samples, such as water, milk, urine, blood, soil and the use of research techniques, such as chromatography and spectroscopy. Nuclear chemistry provides us radio isotopes for the treatment of many diseases, such as cancer and also to give atomic energy for the benefits of mankind.

 
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